Aileen O’Brien

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aileen_O%27Brien

Aileen von Vittinghof gennant Schell zu Schellenburg (née O’Brien; January 4, 1913[1][2] – October 30, 2000[1]), was an American[2][3] writer,[4] journalist,[4] and political activist.[5] She was a devout Catholic[3] and anti-communist.[3] She is known for her 1938 lecture tour of the United States, where she advocated on behalf of the Nationalist faction of the Spanish Civil War.

Life and activism

Aileen O’Brien was born on 4 January 1913 in San Francisco to William and Margaret O’Brien.[3] Shortly after her family relocated to Bolivia.[3] She spent much of her childhood in Bolivia and Chile.[3] In 1927 she was sent to Switzerland to continue her education.[3] She graduated from the University of Freiburg.[3] While in Switzerland, she helped to launch the quarterly journal The Colosseum.[3] She also became secretary of Pro Deo,[3] “a shadowy Christian, anti-communist organisation based in Geneva”.[6]

In 1934 O’Brien moved to Ireland with her family.[3] She continued her involvement with Pro Deo, as the organizing secretary in Ireland and England.[3] In 1936 she became a founding member of the Irish Christian Front (ICF).[7][8] The organisation was founded with the intention of showing support and raising funds for the Nationalist faction of the Spanish Civil War.[9][10] However, it quickly became a political organisation opposed to the Irish government of the day.[11] She was the organizing secretary of the ICF[9] and later its representative in Spain.[6] O’Brien said of the communist threat to Ireland that “communism stood for the abolition of nationality, aiming at making Ireland, not an independent country, but merely a section of the Communist International, with headquarters in Moscow. It was a well-known Communist trick to find out what the people of a country wanted and to promise them that.”[12]

A poster for the Irish Christian Front, advertising a meeting in Rathmines in Dublin

In Spain, O’Brien was the intermediary between the ICF and Cardinal Goma over the distribution of funds raised.[6][13] She helped to organise medical and other relief units for the rebels.[14] She was involved in the Auxilio Social,[15] which acted as a social assistance organization for widows, orphans and the destitute by providing them with food and clothing. She was also closely attached to the Irish Brigade, a group of about 700 Irishmen led by Eoin O’Duffy who fought for the Nationalists.[6]

In early 1938, after 17 months in Spain, O’Brien travelled to the United States to give a lecture tour on behalf of the Spanish nationalists.[14] In addition to the lecture series she addressed many prominent individuals including many Congressmen.[16] Her lectures often attracted large crowds as well as opposition.[3][17] In Oakland protestors clashed with police outside one of her lectures.[17] This clash resulted in injuries and arrests, in what at least one newspaper characterised as a riot.[17] Her speeches emphasised that General Franco and the rebels were not fascists[18][19] but were liberal democrats.[15] She stressed the Nationalists’ achievements in areas such as workers’ rights,[19]gender equality,[19]education[19] and housing.[3] She said that they were fighting for Christianity and against communism and anarchism.[3][18] She contrasted atrocities committed by the Republicans with the Nationalists’ supposed observation of the rules of war.[15][20]

Nationalist memoirist Luis Bolín recounted that while in the United States, O’Brien spoke on the telephone to every Catholic bishop in the country and begged them to request that their parish priests ask all members of their congregations to telegraph in protest to President Roosevelt.[5] As a result, Bolín claimed, more than a million telegrams were received by the White House and a shipment of arms to the Republicans was stopped.[5]

Castle Kalbeck, where Aileen O’Brien lived after her marriage

After the war O’Brien continued to live in Spain and perform services for the Spanish government.[3] In 1940 she wrote The Beseiged of the Alcazer about a devout Catholic soldier fighting in the Siege of the Alcázar.[21] She is credited as a writer in 1943 comedy film Castillo de naipes.[22][23] In 1950 she married Felix Baron von Vittinghof gennant Schell zu Schellenburg (German Wikipedia entry) in Madrid.[3] The couple later relocated to Castle Kalbeck in Weeze in Germany, the baron’s ancestral home.[3] O’Brien died in Germany in 2000, aged 87.[3]

References

  1.  “Death note details”Totenzettel Sammlungen. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  2. Jump up to:a b “Person page”thepeerage.com. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  3. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Thome, Pitt G. (2016). Journey of a Country Soul: The Life & Ministry of Monsignor Felix N. Pitt, Kentucky’s Preeminent Catholic Educator of the 20th Century. Xlibris US. pp. No page numbers given. ISBN 9781514454176. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  4. Jump up to:a b Guttmann, Allen (1962). The Wound in the Heart: America and the Spanish Civil War. University of Michigan: Free Press of Glencoe. p. 35.
  5. Jump up to:a b c Beever, Antony (2007). The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War, 1936 – 1939 (Paperback ed.). London: Phoenix. p. 270.
  6. Jump up to:a b c d Fanning, Tim (2019). The Salamanca Diaries: Father McCabe and the Spanish Civil War. Dublin: Merrion Press. pp. No page numbers given. ISBN 9781785372797. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  7. ^ Martin White (2004). ‘The Greenshirts: Fascism in the Irish Free State, 1935 – 45’. Queen Mary University of London PHD thesis. Available here: [1]. p. 239.
  8. ^ MacEoin, Uinseann (1997). The IRA in the Twilight Years: 1923-1948. Argenta Publications. p. 391. ISBN 9780951117248. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  9. Jump up to:a b White (2004), p. 239.
  10. ^ Fearghal McGarry (2001) ‘Ireland and the Spanish Civil War’ in History IrelandIssue 3, Volume 9.
  11. ^ White (2004), p. 240.
  12. ^ “The Irish Christian Front”. Catholic Herald. 4 September 1936. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  13. ^ Raguer, Hilari (2007). Gunpowder and Incense: The Catholic Church and the Spanish Civil War. Routledge. p. No page numbers given. ISBN 9781134365920. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  14. Jump up to:a b “Newsfeeds”. Catholic News Service. 2 April 1937. Retrieved 5 January2021.
  15. Jump up to:a b c Goldstein, Robert Justin (2016). Little ‘Red Scares’: Anti-Communism and Political Repression in the United States, 1921-1946. Routledge. p. No page numbers given. ISBN 9781317104131. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  16. ^ Valaik, John David (1964). American Catholics and the Spanish Civil War, 1931-1939. University of Rochester. p. 354. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  17. Jump up to:a b c “OAKLAND HAS RIOT OVER SPANISH WAR”. Madera Tribune. 11 February 1939. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  18. Jump up to:a b “”Franco is not a Fascist,” declares Aileen O’Brien”. The Font. 17 February 1939. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  19. Jump up to:a b c d “Aileen O’Brien Speaks on Spain”. The Cornell Daily Sun. 21 November 1938. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  20. ^ “Gen. Franco Observed Civilized War Rules, Avers Aileen O’Brien”. The Catholic Northwest Progress. 28 April 1939. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  21. ^ “World Literature Second Quarter Test”. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  22. ^ “Chronology 1935 – 1985”. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  23. ^ “Castillo de naipes: Full Cast & Crew”IMDb. Retrieved 5 January 2021.

Published by Wiki Man Dave

I'm using this blog to upload some Wiki articles I've written. I write infrequently but tend to put in a good effort when I do. This is also a good place to add some notes on things I couldn't actually say on Wikipedia due to their rules. I mostly write on history related topics, particularly modern Irish history. My rule of thumb is that if I search for a topic that I heard about want to learn more about, only to find out there's no Wikipedia article created, I add it to my list of articles to write about. Aside from this, I work in finance, am a member of the Irish Green Party and other environmental orgs and am learning Spanish. Wiki profile: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:EricthePinko

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